Description of the hammerhead shark
The Galapagos hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini) is a species of hammerhead shark found in coastal and oceanic waters of the eastern Pacific, particularly around the Galapagos Islands. Here are some characteristics of this species: This shark is easily recognizable by its hammer-shaped head, which can be twice as wide as its body. Its color varies from dark gray to olive brown, with a lighter hue on the belly. Adults can grow up to 11 feet long. It is a solitary predator that feeds primarily on fish, squid and crustaceans. It is active at night and during the day, it can rest on the seabed in groups of up to fifty individuals. Galapagos hammerheads prefer deep waters, but they can also be found in shallower waters. It is considered a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Overfishing and habitat destruction are the main threats to this species.
When to see them?
Galapagos hammerhead sharks can be seen year-round in the waters surrounding the Galapagos Islands, but the best times to see them vary depending on their behavior and the water conditions. If you want to see hammerheads when they are most active and hunting, the best time is from January to May. During this period, the water is warmer, which stimulates the activity of fish and other marine animals, which attracts hammerheads. If you want to see hammerheads in larger numbers and in groups, the best time is from June to November. During this period, hammerheads gather in large groups to rest.
Where to observe them?
Galapagos hammerhead sharks can be seen in many places around the Galapagos Islands, here are some of the most popular places to see these magnificent creatures: Darwin Island: This is one of the best places in the world to see hammerhead sharks. Dives around the island can offer spectacular encounters with groups of hundreds of hammerhead sharks. Wolf Island: Also located in the northern part of the archipelago, Wolf Island is another popular place to see hammerheads. Dives around the island can also offer encounters with eagle rays, whale sharks and other marine life. Gordon Rocks: This small island is located off Santa Cruz Island and is known for its underwater rock formations and diverse marine life, including hammerhead sharks. Cousins Rock: Located near Santiago Island, Cousins Rock is another popular site for viewing hammerhead sharks, as well as sea turtles, sea lions and colorful tropical fish.